Philosophy of Nursing Program
The Faculty believes:
Individual or person is a unique human being attempting to meet basic human needs in the process of physiological, psycho-social, cultural and spiritual development. Inherent in each individual is self-worth and dignity. The values and lifestyles of the individual are reflected in his activities of daily living. Each individual has a right to optimum health, achieved through informed decision making about the health care needs. Support for the individual is provided by the family in coping with the environment and trying to maintain a state of well-being.
Family is the basic unit in society and the community that influences the values, physiological development and behavior of the individual. It is an interrelated group of individuals who share common values beliefs and practices. The family includes the individual’s significant other and must be involved in assessment of the individual, planning and implementing health strategies and nursing care.
Community is viewed as groups of individuals who may share common values, beliefs, and institutions in a physical environment. These may be diverse and complex, influencing health promotion and health maintenance behaviors. Members of the community have a shared responsibility to participate in health promotion and epidemiological strategies for disease prevention and containment. . Individuals do not exist in isolation, but rather interact with and relate to other individuals within families, and communities within a constantly changing society.
Environment include factors or forces, internal or external, that influences and are influenced by the development, interaction, and existence of the individual. The environment influences the state of wellbeing of individuals, families and communities and how they respond to health issues. Environment is defined as everything that is internal and external to the person. It is characterized by the physical, spiritual, political, cultural, social, ethical, and intellectual dimensions.
Health is a dynamic process that encompasses the physiological, psychosocial, cultural and spiritual elements, whereby individuals and families constantly strive towards optimum health. Health is determined subjectively and objectively and can be measured on a health-illness continuum, depending on how the individual interacts and responds to the environment.
Health Care is the process where individuals, families and communities are assisted in promoting and maintaining and restoring health. It is basic human right that should be available, accessible and affordable, regardless of the person’s socio-economic status.
Nursing is a professional discipline with academic and clinical dimensions. Nursing is founded on a body of knowledge from biological, physical, psychological and social sciences. The heart of nursing is grounded in the meaning and art of caring. Respect for all persons in a diverse environment through authentic relationships provides the foundation for nurses to work collaboratively with the health team, individuals, families and communities for positive nursing outcomes. These relationships open the possibility of transformation, inviting growth, healing, and wholeness of persons, families, and communities in an ever changing environment.
The clinical nursing environment and nursing education engage in reflective practice, evidence-based practice, and technical skills that affirms ways of being and ways of knowing.
Spartan’s Nursing Program enforces confidentiality and also respect for diversity among its students and clients, which is essential for this professional discipline.
A nurse is a professional who has successfully completed a program of Nursing Education at a recognized institution and is licensed to practice as a registered Professional Nurse. The Nurse assists individuals and families to promote and maintain health, cope with health problems and return to as close to optimum health as possible or supports the patient to dignified death. The nurse uses critical thinking, clinical judgement, reflective, communication and interpersonal, caring, leadership and other skills in providing care for clients in diverse, complex and dynamic health care environment. A nurse functions as a member of the health team.
Nursing Education is the body of nursing knowledge, skills and attitude that facilitate the preparation of students of nursing and professional nurses, in their lifelong quest for continuous improvement in healthcare standards that will serve the global community. Nursing Education is a continuous process that facilitate student acquisition of knowledge, skills, attitude and technologies, based on evidence-based practice. It prepares the student to carry out efficient, effective and safe nursing care using critical thinking, communication and interpersonal, decision making, caring and reflective practice skills.
Bachelor of Science Degree in Nursing is an academic degree with a major in nursing, covering the science and principles in nursing. It is offered by an accredited tertiary education provider, over a period of three to four years. It is currently the entry level requirement into the nursing profession, and prepares nurses for a wide variety of professional roles and graduate study. The BsN qualification is a prerequisite for nursing practice, teaching, administration, consulting and research roles.
Learner The learner presents herself/himself for the acquisition of knowledge, skills and attitude necessary for change in behavior. Each learner brings to the education process unique and diverse experience to aid this process. The quest for knowledge is influenced by motivation that may be intrinsic and extrinsic. This is the foundation for the learner to be creative, innovative and be persistent in lifelong learning.
Learning is an interactive and dynamic process whereby both the learner and the teacher engage each other. The outcome of learning is based on the individual’s level of motivation and willingness to learn. The learning environment must provide an atmosphere of support, freedom of expression, collaboration, guidance and freedom for enquiry. The aim of the learning process is to effect change in behavior for the good of humanity.
Teacher is a facilitator for the learner in the learning process to effect change in behavior. The teacher stimulates critical thinking, decision making, reflective and caring skills. To be effective the teacher engages in continuing education, research and pursues technology and uses creative methods to facilitate the learner.
Teaching is a process of facilitating the learner in the acquisition of knowledge and skills, and stimulating the pursuit of life- long learning. Teaching is a means by which learners are assisted in reaching their highest potential. In nursing education teaching facilitates the acquisition of communication, problem solving, caring and other pertinent skills.
Research is one of the elements of nursing practice and nursing education. It demands creativity in teaching and is the basis for evidence-based practice. Research stimulates the student to inquire, explore, interpret, acquire new knowledge, and apply scientific outcomes to nursing practice. Research is an avenue for improving and building on, the body of nursing knowledge. It is the responsibility of the nurse and the nursing profession to engage in continuous research
NURSING PROGRAM CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK
The nursing curriculum is conceptualized from an organized body of knowledge specific to the art and science of nursing. The conceptual framework is based upon the major concepts identified in the philosophy of Spartan Health Sciences University Bachelor of Science Degree in Nursing Program. It clarifies and gives direction on how the curriculum is organized. The framework defines the Nursing knowledge, competencies and nursing actions the student acquires to become a License Professional Nurse at BSN Level.
Blooms Taxonomy of COGNITIVE, AFFECTIVE and PSYCHOMOTOR domains are applicable for organizing the Major concepts and sub-concepts of this curriculum because of the nature of nursing practice and nursing education.
Students and nurses use the Cognitive Skills in understanding and synthesizing the concepts and dimensions of the individual/person/ patient, family, and/or community. It allows the student to internalize the roles of the nurse in the provision of nursing care in collaboration with other members of the health team.
THE PERSONAL dimension emphasizes the uniqueness of each person. It is inclusive of the person’s Physical, physiological, psychosocial, emotional, cultural and spiritual, and also philosophical values. Assessment of these dimensions identify roles and patterns of behavior that impact on the health of individuals, families and communities and their acceptance of issues related to health promotion, restoration and death and dying. Courses in the curriculum under this domain focus on the influence and response to ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS in every stage of development of the individual, within the family and community.
The Biological Systems of the individual form the basis of assessment within the physical and physiological dimension. These include the cell as a unit of life, cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, genitourinary/reproductive, integumentary, musculoskeletal, neurologic, respiratory, lymphatic, endocrine and renal systems. The genetic patterns of inheritance are also characteristic of the physical and physiological dimensions.
In the Affective Domain, nursing is characterized by professional values of caring, respect, empathy, interpersonal relationships, communication, ethical and legal accountability and responsibility, client advocacy, and lifelong learning.
The Psychomotor Domain encompasses nursing practice or nursing actions/interventions employed by the nurse in the transformation, growth, healing and wholeness of the patient, family and community. It involves the use of the nursing process that facilitates assessment of the individual, family and community on the health-illness continuum, formulating nursing diagnoses, implementing and evaluating individualized care plans. The nursing process is applied in health promotion strategies, prevention of illness, restoration of the individual from illness to health, rehabilitation, palliative care, and assisting the individual to a comfortable and dignified death
The role of the nurse is the provision of nursing care in any stage of the individual life cycle, in any health care setting to diverse groups, in a complex and ever changing healthcare environment. Through reflective and evidenced base practice, the nurse engages in continuous improvement in nursing care and nursing education. The nurse uses technological advancement, research and research findings for problem solving and decision making in nursing practice.
PROGRAM GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
The goal of Spartan Health Science University’s School of Nursing is to continuously produce Professional Nurses of the highest distinction who possess the necessary knowledge and adaptive skills pertinent to an ever changing, complex and demanding healthcare environment.
The goal of the BSN Programme is to assist students attain the Title of Registered Professional Nurse and a career in nursing while practicing professional values, functioning with competence in the care of individuals, families, and communities in a variety of healthcare settings.
The objectives of the Programme is to prepare graduates to
- Provide competent nursing care to diverse individuals, families and communities with respect to personal choices, practices and beliefs, including sexual orientation, gender and culture
- Acquire theoretical and clinical competence and analytical thought processes to make safe clinical decisions in nursing practice
- Incorporate in the assessment of the individual and family, the physical and physiological, environmental, psychosocial, socioeconomic, cultural and spiritual, political and philosophical, lifestyle factors that influence their health
- Provide promotive, preventive and restorative care, in the delivery of nursing care to individuals, families and communities in diverse settings
- Utilize principles of primary healthcare in implementing health promotion strategies
- Utilize the steps in the nursing process and latest technology in providing care for individuals, families and communities
- Use palliative care strategies in assisting patients to comfortable and dignified death
- Serve the public and nursing profession in a client-friendly, caring and compassionate manner using effective communication and therapeutic relationship
- Work effectively with other members of the health team while planning, implementing nursing care for individuals, families and communities
- Pursue advanced nursing and clinical research at reputable institutions as a basis for evidence- base practice
- Become sufficiently familiar with disease conditions in St. Lucia, regionally and internationally in order to contribute to epidemiological advancement
- Deliver exemplary nursing care for individuals families and communities, while demonstrating ethical and legal accountability and responsibility
- Use communication, interpersonal, decision making, teaching and counselling skills in nursing practice and community healthcare
Upon completion of the Bachelor Degree Nursing Program, the graduate will upon licensure
- Practice professional nursing behaviors incorporating personal responsibility and accountability for continual competence.
- Communicate professionally and effectively with individuals, significant support persons (s) and members of the healthcare system.
- Integrate knowledge of the holistic needs of the individual to provide an individual cantered assessment.
- Incorporate informatics to formulate evidence-based clinical judgments and management decisions
- Integrate the concepts of caring in nursing practice in diverse health care settings across the health-illness continuum.
- Collaborate with the Ministry of Health to advocate for positive outcomes for the individual, organization and society.
- Manage health care for the individual using cost effective nursing strategies, quality improvement processes and current technologies.
- Exhibit competencies in critical thinking, communication, evidence-based decision making, scholarly inquiry and technical skills in the practice of nursing.
- Integrate professional competencies in the nursing roles of provider, designer, manager, and coordinator of care and participate as an active member of the profession and health team.
- Assume ethical and legal responsibility and accountability in nursing practice, exemplifying the values of altruism, autonomy, human dignity, integrity, and social justice.
- Apply leadership and management concepts, skills, and decision-making in creating caring environments to promote health and healing in individuals, families, communities, and global populations.
The Bachelor of Science in Nursing Programme, provides the learner with knowledge, skills, and strategies to integrate safety and quality into nursing care. The programme facilitates the student to practice in a dynamic environment, and to meet health needs of individuals, families and communities, by improving their quality of life, and assisting them in achieving optimal health regardless of their status in the health-illness continuum.
The programme extends over four (4) calendar years of fulltime study, taught over a period of 11 Semesters. It is comprised of 145 credits in an effort to satisfy Licensure in CARICOM countries, NCLEX examination and the practice of nursing on the global market.
The core nursing courses inclusive of clinical, comprise 87 credits or 60%.
Support courses (from arts science and humanity) 49 credits or 34%.
Cognate courses 9 credits or 6%.
Total Credit/Hours According to Course Category
- Total Cognate hours 9 Credits = 135 hours
- Total hours of support courses 49 credits = 735 hours
- Total Nursing courses (Theory) 46 credits = 690 hours
- Clinical Nursing Courses 41 credits = 1845 hours
Total hours Theory and clinical
- Total Theory Hours 1,560
- Total Clinical Hours 1845
- Total programme Hours 3,405
Total Credit Hours by Course, (inclusive of Cognate Courses, Support Courses, Core Nursing Courses), Clinical and Practicum, and also Elective courses. Passes in all courses is a requirement of Spartan University.
- Theory 1 credit = 15 hours
- Laboratory 1 credit = 45 hours
- Clinical Practicum 1 credit = 45 hours
Course work includes and builds upon the domains of healthcare, nursing practice, and the holistic individual. Content emphasizes the nurse as a member of the interdisciplinary team providing safe, individualized care while employing evidence-based practice, quality improvement, and informatics. It comprises theoretical and clinical component inclusive of Laboratory and Practicum.
Graduates of this program are eligible to apply to take the Regional Examination for Nurse Registration (RENR) and the United States of America National Council Licensure Examination (NCLEX-RN).
Employment opportunities are vast within the global health care system and may include positions within primary, secondary, rehabilitative, industrial, managerial and specialized health care facilities.
Spartan’s Bachelor of Science Degree in the Nursing Program is geared towards preparing students to acquire the skills, knowledge and experience essential in successfully passing the Caribbean and American Licensing Examination.
Spartan’s Bachelor of Science Degree in the Nursing Program is a Four (4) year Program which comprises a total of eleven trimesters. Each year consists of three (3) trimesters. Upon successful completion of all core and critical credit hours and the exit examination, students will be allowed to take licensing examinations.
I. General Education. The Nursing Associate Degree Program comprises of 34 credit hours of courses from each of the following areas: humanities/fine arts, social/behavioural sciences, and natural sciences/mathematics. These are prerequisite courses within the PRE-NURSING PHASE of the program. (Refer to Appendix 1&2)
II. Major Hours. The Core Nursing Courses comprise of 50 credit hours (Refer to Appendix2)
III. Clinical Required Hours. The Associate Degree Nursing program comprises of 30 clinical credit hours. (Refer to Appendix 1&2)